Tramadol is a medication which is prescribed for people who have chronic pain that is moderately severe. This can be prescribed to consume on regularly basis or else it can be consumed only when pain relief is required. This medication is a strong opioid. The way it works is that the drug reduces the feeling of pain by working on the brain as well as the nervous system.
There are different kinds of Tramadol and they are used for quick pain relief whereas others work slower and take a long time, probably hours to provide relief. The latter kind is called modified release.
Important factors when taking Tramadol
Tramadol can be taken for all kinds of moderately severe pain but it should not be taken when alcohol, sedatives or even tranquillisers have been consumed few hours in the past.
This drug should not be taken for a longer period than what is prescribed or in larger quantities than prescribed.
Tramadol for pain – Usage
Tramadol though is used for pain relief, it still can be a habit forming one and when it is misused it can cause addiction or even over dosage or death. Therefore, it needs to be taken with proper caution.
Though Tramadol is said to be consumed for all types of pain, it should still not be consumed when you are pregnant as the newborn may face withdrawal symptoms which are life threatening. No matter even if you have severe pain, it should not be consumed by nursing mothers as well as those who are intending to get pregnant in the near future. Tramadol reacts differently to different type of pain.
How much pain and how much tramadol to consume?
If the adult has mild or even moderate, chronic, severe pain and does not require rapid analgesic effects of the medication, 25 mg every morning should suffice as an initial dose. Then 25 mg increments can be made every 3 days till 100 mg per day is reached. This means that 25 mg is taken 4 times a day. The dosage can still be increased by 50 mg every 3 days till 200 mg is reached a day and after this, the drug can be administered every 4 hours – 6 hours but 400 mg per day cannot be exceeded. However, though tramadol is very effective in treating various pain either mild or sever, it is always better to consult a physician before taking the medicine.
If it is extended release tablets, then 100 mg daily once a day can be given and it can be increased by 100 mg after 5 days based on the tolerance levels the person has to the drug. At the most, 300 mg per day can be administered. Extended release tablets are for pain that is very severe.
For those people who require immediate analgesic effects, then 100 mg can be given every 4 to 6 hours but the total dosage per day should not exceed 400 mg per day.
For those who are geriatric patients or have mild pain, the dosage should be lower as there are more chances of decreased liver, kidney and other functions.